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Download it once and read it on your site device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features by JOSÉ ORTEGA Y GASSET (Author), Luis de Llera Esteban (Editor) . La deshumanizacion del arte constituye hoy un texto clasico, y uno de los mas lucidos en la historia del pensamiento estetico espanol. Ligado directamente a la . LA DESHUMANIZACIÓN DEL ARTE. JOSÉ ORTEGA Y GASSET. María José Méndez. Uploaded by. María José Méndez. connect to download. Get pdf.

According to Ortega, human hie is the radical reality, because every other reality must appear within it, must be rooted in it.

The Dehumanization of Art and Other Essays on Art, Culture and Literature

Ortega y Gasset6? The being of man and the being of nature do not coincide completely. What is natural in man is realized by itself. But, by the same token, he does not acknowledge it as his true being.

On the other hand, his extra-natural being consists in a project or program of Ufe. This project or program is our true being, our personality, our ego.

Life is the effort to carry out this project within the given circumstance. Circumstance, in singular, means in Ortega everything except the ego; even our body and soul form part of the circumstance. Life is not something static; it is drama, "substantial" change.

In other words, life is essentially time, history.

Hence historical reason is the only one able to grasp that radical reality which is life and through it all other reality. We shall refer chiefly to the writings of Ortega after Since that year, more or less, his thought has not undergone any great evolution and appears basically unchanged.

In this sense Ortega y Gasset wrote that life is at the same time fate and freedom, and that freedom "is being free inside of a given fate.

Fate gives us an inexorable repertory of determinate possibilities, that is, it gives us different destinies.

We accept fate and within it we choose one destiny.

Raciovitalismo[ edit ] With a philosophical system that centered around life, Ortega y Gasset also stepped out of Descartes ' cogito ergo sum and asserted "I live therefore I think".

This stood at the root of his Kantian -inspired perspectivism , [1] which he developed by adding a non-relativistic character in which absolute truth does exist and would be obtained by the sum of all perspectives of all lives, since for each human being life takes a concrete form and life itself is a true radical reality from which any philosophical system must derive.

José Ortega y Gasset

This system of thought, which he introduces in History as System, escaped from Nietzsche's vitalism in which life responded to impulses; for Ortega, reason is crucial to create and develop the above-mentioned project of life.

Historical reason[ edit ] For Ortega y Gasset, vital reason is also "historical reason", for individuals and societies are not detached from their past. In order to understand a reality we must understand, as Dilthey pointed out, its history. In Ortega's words, humans have "no nature, but history" and reason should not focus on what is static but what becomes dynamic.

The Ortega hypothesis , based on a quote in The Revolt of the Masses , states that average or mediocre scientists contribute substantially to the advancement of science. German grape breeder Hans Breider named the grape variety Ortega in his honor.

The first, in , is by a translator who wanted to remain anonymous, [17] generally accepted to be J. Influence on the Generation of '27[ edit ] Ortega y Gasset had considerable influence on writers of the Generation of '27 , a group of poets that arose in Spanish literature in the s.

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Works[ edit ] Much of Ortega y Gasset's work consists of course lectures published years after the fact, often posthumously. This list attempts to list works in chronological order by when they were written, rather than when they were published.

What is philosophy?Ortega believes the XIX century's art and literature, and music , was bent on trying to be 'realistic', on trying to capture reality even though that's not possible, -since what's left on canvas is a draft, a schematic selection chosen by the artist, of the infinity integrated in each person. Then, the artists look to the distance, and try to depict those objects that are further away, there's the search for perspective, -trying to find a geometric arrangement, and chiaroscuro, as transitions between painting objects to trying to paint the space we perceive when we stop looking at what we have in front, and when we try to paint the whole of what's perceive as we project our sight into the distance.

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Preview Unable to display preview. Google Scholar Chai, Leon. German grape breeder Hans Breider named the grape variety Ortega in his honor.

Google Scholar Johnson, R.

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