Now focused on the eight Empowered Action Group (EAG) states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand where reach the unserved, underserved areas, vulnerable and marginalized populations. Since mid 80 Asish Bose, „BIMARU. BIMARU (Hindi: बीमारू Bīmārū) is an acronym formed from the first letters of the names of . "The Children of the Ganga and the Politics of Allocation" (PDF). Ashish Bose coined the acronym. BIMARU in the early s to describe the backwardness of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh,. Rajasthan, and Uttar.
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Key words: EAG states, BIMARU, Demographic transition, Population Policy. In the mid 80s, economist analyst Ashis Bose coined an acronym BIMARU, in a. acronym BIMARU was coined by demographer Ashish Bose to refer to the pdf. Census of India Provisional Population Totals of MP. Ashish Bose coined the acronym BIMARU in the early s to describe the backwardness of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Download PDF Version.
In the region had a population of persons indicating a decadal growth rate of near 25 percent on the face of national decadal growth rate of The growth rate varies states to states.
The highest growth rate took place in the state of The uneven distribution of population is mainly due to diverse physiographic conditions and disparity in the socio-economic development that the region has experienced in recent decades.
The high growth rates are attributed to high fertility rate in this region.
This phenomenal increase in population has great impact not only on the demographic composition of the region but also has serious socio-economic consequences which gets reflected in political turmoil and consequent conflicts witnessed in the entire region. An attempt has been made in this study to examine the determinants for this unusually high fertility rate of population, the present distribution pattern and some demographic, socio-economic and environmental implications arising out of this.
To know the present condition of EAG states, India. Is EAG states have improved in his condition or not in last decade?
To fulfill the objectives data regarding literacy, urbanization, sex ratio and other demographic variables of EAG states are obtained from census of India , planning commission report on March , SRS , and , NFHS and Family welfare statistics, Growth Rate: population growth is the main problem in this states. Due to high population growth, population and resource are unequlibrium,that are distrubed to achived the goal of population satbilization and sustainable development.
Population Density: Among EAG states, Bihar is the most densely populated state whereas; Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh with density of each are the least densely populated states. Madhya Pradesh is fifth among 8 EAG states with moderate density. Literacy Rate: The literacy rates in these states according to the census are Bihar While they are the trail the national average in the current literacy rate, they are registering very healthy growth rates in literacy comfortably outpacing states like Andhra Pradesh The rest are better educated.
These figures are comparing favourably with other developed states with Gujarat being the lowest and Karnataka are relatively more advanced. These figures compare favourably with other developed states with Gujarat being the worst and Karnataka being the second worst.
However, this is some sort of an enigma because the states of Gujarat and Karnataka are relatively more advanced. Renowned educationists have asked for a complete overhaul of the educational system, particularly at the primary level.
The sex ratio of the child population ages 0 to 6 declines from females per males in to in While not a large decrease, the change is in the wrong direction, showing a growing preference for sons. In China, there are about female births per males. Normally, the ratio would be about because biologically there are about 5 percent or 50 more male births worldwide than female.
In India as well as in China and some western Asian countries, the preference for sons has resulted in the abortion of female fetuses and poorer nutrition and health care for girls. In India, sons are preferred for the economic support they provide for the household, particularly in their parents' old age.
Daughters are not seen as a source of financial support, especially since they leave the parental home to live with their husband's family after marriage.
In addition, parents of daughters must still pay a dowry, despite the practice being illegal since A telling saying in India is: Having a daughter is like "watering your neighbor's garden. Sex-selective abortion was criminalized in but serious enforcement of the law was rare until recently. The National Commission for Women, established in , oversees all women's rights issues, particularly female infanticide and sex-selective abortion.
The national figure masks a more skewed sex ratio in several states. Declining fertility has increase the son preference, which has been proved by the last 10 years data especially in EAG states, because most of the couple wants a son for old age security. In EAG states last ten years child sex ratio declining a range 9 to 26, where 9 in Bihar and 26 in Rajasthan, median of declining child sex ratio is Between to median decline TFR is 0. These trends create more social evils and move the society towards destruction.
Are BIMARU States Still Bimaru
Human awareness and moral thought is the only tonic with active law against the abortion to stop this move towards demographic Dark Age. It has prime importance in investigative work both as concern differential fertility by socio economic status and in the search for casual explanations of fertility levels and fertility changes.
Knowledge of education- fertility relationship is especially relevant for relevant for development planning because education can be directly influenced by the government policy. In our country where high fertility is considered an obstacle to development, detailed knowledge of the education fertility relationship would doubtlessly facilitate decision concerning education levels, curriculum content, the structured of educational system and ultimately the division of resources between education and other competing programmes.
Conceptually, education a homogenous commodity whose only important attribute is level reached Ridker , Cochrane , Hermakin and Masin Age at marriage has been considered as a promising determinant of fertility, which has several policy implications Audinarayana Late marriage reduces fertility because it shortens the reproductive period. If contraception is not widely and expertly practiced, marriage postponement may be contributed substantially to the lowering of birth rate Blake, In a situation of limited control of fertility within marriage, a negative association between age at marriage and family size is generally considered almost inheritable.
It has also been emphasized by many workers Davis, and Berelson, that voluntary family planning programme are not enough as first step in population control and that change in the marital patterns are necessary both as long and short term solution to the problem of population pressure. At the world population conference United Nations, , it was argued that family planning alone is not enough to curb the fertility.
Therefore certain measures beyond family planning measures were also advocated. The late marriage has been considered as the most important and potentially useful measures to control fertility level. The present study also shows an inverse correlation between marriage age and fertility.
Table no. Sex Selective Abortion: In , India had million infants and children, of which 82 million were males and 76 million, were females. But in the Hindi heartland, for the same periods, MP 9. One of the parameters to judge women empowerment is by knowing how many are functioning as elected representatives. Error Forbidden Fire breaks out in a godown in Meerut The laggards — the districts fairing poorly in health, education, skill development, etc, under the programme — are in the Hindi heartland, a BJP stronghold.
India’s BIMARU states developing but not catching up
Barmer, a western district, and Chittorgarh, Jhalawar and Bundi, all southern districts, complete the top five. The average volatility post 3.
Top 10 Anti-Aging Super foods. Have you read these stories? The bmaru districts are ranked higher than their counterparts. Rajasthan is water deficit, with just 1. The State of the State report was the next logical step.
Irrespective of the level of development, the district that bimaur a higher level of change in a decade was adjudged the most improved. Alwar himaru the eighth highest improvement in the bimzru of households with tap water supply, the fourth highest improvement in the percentage of households with toilets and the ninth highest improvement in the percentage of households with waste water outlet connected to closed drainage.
Indeed, Rajasthan has become the second-highest crude oil producer in India after Bombay Highgenerating 9 million tonnes of crude oil or 24 per cent of the total domestic crude oil production.
Rajasthan also has a sizeable mining sector. A mild regional pattern emerges here.
Archived from the bimsru on July 25, This followed by power and financial reforms from to led to jobs and faster growth in the later years Transition pattern of Indian states across different categories of growth and development: Only three cities have a population of over one million-Kota, Jodhpur and Jaipur.It is estimated that the population of the region in was only While not a large decrease, the change is in the wrong direction, showing a growing preference for sons.
The researcher has examined the effect of lifestyle variables on the anemia level of women of age group 15— 49 years in EAG states. The sex ratio of the child population ages 0 to 6 declines from females per males in to in Poverty levels for subsequent years are calculated on the basis of the same methodology, after adjusting for the difference in prices due to inflation.
In EAG states last ten years child sex ratio declining a range 9 to 26, where 9 in Bihar and 26 in Rajasthan, median of declining child sex ratio is Acknowledgement The author is grateful to professor Ashis sarkar, former head of the department of geography in presidency university, Kolkata for constant motivation and encouragement to complete this work.
Shall we be bothered only about endangered wildlife, tigers, lions, so on and so forth?