A Tale of Two Cities . mind, as from the eyes of the body, of his two companions . In those days row winding street, full of offence and stench, with other. Download our free ePUB, PDF or MOBI eBooks to read on almost device — your desktop, iPhone, iPad, Android phone or tablet, site site and more. Free download of A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens. Available in PDF, ePub and site. Read, write reviews and more.
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A Tale of Two Cities is an excellent choice of reading material for senior high school students. It is probably .. he robbed his grave, the coffin was full of rocks. A TALE OF TWO CITIES. 3in Qfytte ISoofcs. BY CHARLES DICKENS. BOOK THE FIRST. RECALLED TO LIFE. CHAPTER I. THE PERIOD. IT was the best of. The Project Gutenberg Etext of A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens [The rest of Dickens is forthcoming] CONTENTS Book the First--Recalled to Life Chapter.
Knowing that the Defarges had sheltered Manette after his release from prison, Barsad tells them that Lucie Manette is about to marry Charles Darnay, the nephew of the Marquis St. Shortly before the wedding of the two lovers in England, Sydney visits Lucie, asking her to remember that he will always be ready to give his life for her or for anyone she loves. On the day of the wedding, Darnay reveals his true name to Manette. Although he seems at rst to take the news well, Manette falls into a t of madness while Darnay and Lucie are away on their wedding journey.
He soon recovers, however, and begs Lorry not to tell Lucie what has happened. At the very end of Disc One, the action skips forward eight years to show the fall of the Bastille in Discuss what triggers Manettes relapses.
What clues from the lm hint at the reasons? Have students research the condition now known as post-traumatic stress disorder. How might Manettes ashbacks and psychological setbacks be diagnosed today?
Lorry suggests that burying his shoemaking tools might help Manette put his imprisonment behind him. What might the treatment be today? Although many of the French characters are working-class people, Cruncher is the only prominent English character from the working classes.
Ask students to compare and contrast Cruncher to the French characters, such as the Defarges and their friends. Does England appear to be almost as dangerous a place as France? Why or why not? Is England nearly as ripe for revolution as France?
How do these early scenes of violence and injustice in England prepare the reader or viewer for the coming scenes of the French Revolution? What message or warning is Dickens expressing?
Dickens often uses the names of his characters to reveal something about those individuals. Have students refer to the list of characters they created at the beginning of the lm.
Consider the very last scene of Episode Two: a young girl stares at the buckled shoes of a hanged man. What does this scene evoke? Why do you think the lmmakers chose this image? Page 12 Activities 1. What do each of them symbolize for Dickens? Consider how each woman is portrayed in the lm. How do the lmmakers convey the womens personalities? Ask students to re-cast the lm using todays actors. Working in pairs, have one student pretend to be an agent and another to be a studio executive.
Have the agent present his or her pitch as to why his or her client would be perfect for the role. Have the studio executive respond, explaining whether or not the actor would be able to embody the character. When Darnay wants to reveal his true identity to Doctor Manette, the doctor stops him. He tells Darnay, Tell me when I ask you, not now. If your suit should prosper, if Lucie should love you, you shall tell me on your marriage morning.
Working in small groups, have students develop three possible reasons to explain Doctor Manettes response to Darnay. Have each group present their explanations to the class, and then take a class vote to see which reason the class nds most plausible. Give students the following assignment: Imagine that you are an American visitor to Paris during the storming of the Bastille. Write to a friend in the United States and describe what you observed during the course of that fateful night, either according to the lm or based on your own research of historical accounts.
Resurrection men like Cruncher carried on an illicit trade in corpses, which they often obtained by robbing new graves. In real life, the two most notorious resurrection men were two Scotsmen named Burke and Hare, who began, like Cruncher, by robbing graves. Burke and Hare, however, couldnt dig up corpses as fast as they could sell them. They decided to speed up the process by murdering people and selling bodies to doctors in Edinburgh.
It is not known how many people they may have murdered before they were caught. Their scheme nally came apart when a medical student recognized the body of a murdered prostitute he had known.
A Tale of Two Cities (Book)
These crimes took place when Dickens was young. People who read Dickenss books when they were rst published would have remembered the real-life resurrection men. Defarge forces one of the jailers to take him to Manettes old cell, North Tower. Defarge completes a thorough search of the cell. Three years later, in the autumn of , the crowd at Tellsons Bank in London is talking about the events of the Revolution. Many French aristocrats have taken shelter in England.
Some English rms, such as Tellsons Bank, still do business in France. Lorry is sent to Paris to look after the interests of the bank.
Back in England, Darnay learns that Gabelle, an old family servant, has been charged with treason. Telling only Manette, Darnay leaves for France to help Gabelle. Unknown to Darnay, Gabelles letter was sent in order to lure him back to France to face trial as a member of the French aristocracy.
After being recognized as a former aristocrat, Darnay is arrested almost immediately in Paris and sent to La Force prison, where he is held in secret.
Lucie and her father follow Darnay to Paris. Since Manette was a prisoner in the Bastille, he has become a hero to the Paris mob and is able to use his prestige to protect Darnay.
Madame Defarge visits Lucie and her child. When Lucie asks for help in obtaining permission to visit Darnay, Madame Defarge replies, Your husband is not my business here. You are my business here. Carton confronts Barsad, who is now working for the French revolutionary government, and tells him that he will soon demand a favor. Barsad is vulnerable to blackmail because of his former work as a spy for both the French aristocracy and the British government. Finally, Darnay comes to trial and is acquitted, largely because Manette speaks in his defense.
That evening, Darnay is arrested again. He is told that he has been denounced by the Defarges and by a third person, whose name he will learn at the trial. At Darnays second trial, it turns out that his third accuser is Manette himself. During the storming of the Bastille, Monsieur Defarge had found a document that Manette had written while in prison.
The document reveals that in two French aristocrats, the father and uncle the Marquis St. Evrmonde of Darnay, had taken Manette to the bedside of a young woman who was driven insane and was now dying in agony. In an adjoining room lay the young womans brother, dying of a sword wound. The brother died that night, while his sister lingered for a few more days before her death. Manette learned that one of the St. Evrmonde brothers had wanted the woman for his lover.
He had her husband worked to death, and then he carried her away. When the young womans father learned of what had happened, he died of grief. The young womans brother challenged the nobleman, but was fatally wounded in a swordght. Before he died, he also revealed that he had another sister, who had gone into hiding.
She would grow up to become Madame Defarge. Manette reported the crimes of the St. Evrmondes to the authorities. As a result of the aristocrats corrupt inuence, Manette was secretly imprisoned. In the last words of the document, he indicts the St.
Evrmondes: I denounce them and their descendants to the last of their race. Darnay is now condemned to death for the crimes of his father and uncle. Manette begins to lose his sanity once again, as a result of Darnays death sentence. What does the fact that Darnay is so willing to return to France reveal about his character? Take a class poll and post the results on the board, on chart paper, or the class website. Not until Manette reads his letter Book the Third, Chapter 10 do we fully understand the reasons for Madame Defarges hatred.
Using the Film
Discuss the letters contents. Does what happened to her and her family justify Madame Defarges actions? Page 15 3. In Chaper Two of Disc Two, well into the middle of the lm, Sydney Carton speaks the now-famous line that begin the novel: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times Ask students why they think the lmmakers chose to have Carton deliver those lines in that particular scene. What has been gained or lost by moving it from the beginning of the story and by having Carton say it?
Could those words apply to the time we live in now? As the camera pans from the crowd in the opening scenes of Disc Two, we see the cobblestones and then the infamous guillotine for the rst time. Discuss the way in which the lmmakers use camera angles in this scene.
Why do you think the lmmakers chose not to show more gory details about the guillotine? Does this make the scene more or less eective? Consider these changes in Epsiode Three: mob rule, demise of the aristocracy, Manettes status, and status of the Defarges.
Where are these changes evident in the lm? Assign each of these changes to a classroom group and have students discuss their observations of each of these changes.
Have a spokesperson from each group report back to the class and then have a whole-class discussion about the signicance of the changes and how they are portrayed in the lm. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times How has this message or theme revealed itself at this point in the lives of these characters: I.
Have students choose a character. In a blog, diary entry, or dramatization, have students explain, in character, how this quotation may or may not apply to his or her character. The refrain of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death is repeated by the revolutionaries throughout the novel. Have students research the origins of the phrase and its meaning, as well as conditions in France after the aristocracy lost power.
What contradictions are evident in the use of this revolutionary slogan? The events have been foreshadowed by Cartons own words to Lucie: I told you once, for you I would do anything. Have students imagine they are Carton writing a letter of explanation to Lorry. Ask them to explain the motive for Cartons actions and the sudden shift in character. Hanging, which was probably the most common form of execution in both France and England, was slow and inecient.
Instead of using the sort of gallows with a drop-trap that appears in so many western movies, the executioner would sling the rope from a beam or a branch of a tree.
The condemned person, with a rope around the neck, would stand on a cart, or sometimes sit on a horse. When the cart or horse was pulled away, the body was left to fall under its own weight. Very often the force of the fall was not great enough to break the neck, so that death actually came from slow strangulation. Sometimes friends or family paid the executioner to let them all tug on the condemned persons legs so that death would come more quickly.
Beheading, with an axe or a sword, was even more grisly. Cutting through a human neck with one blow is not easy.
Unless the executioner was skillful, he might bungle the job, so that instead of killing with one fell stroke, he would leave the victim horribly mangled. Because of his proposed reforms in capital punishment, the guillotine became associated with Joseph-Ignace Guillotins name. Guillotin himself, however, did not invent the guillotinesimilar devices had existed since the 16th centuryand he always resented its association with his name. Ironically, there were a number of deputies in the Constituent Assembly who wanted to abolish capital punishment altogether except for treason and regicide.
One of these deputies was Robespierre, who later became one of the most important leaders during the worst phase of the Reign of Terror.
The guillotine had been initially introduced as a means to eliminate unnecessary suering. During the Terror, however, the guillotine revealed another virtue. It was very ecient. A skilled team of executioners could kill at the rate of one person every two or three minutes.
He learns that Madame Defarge, not satised with the verdict against Darnay, now wants to destroy Lucie and her child. Madame Defarge makes public her relationship with those whom the St. Evrmondes destroyed. Her motivation is to avenge the deaths of her family members. Carton then arranges with Lorry to have the whole family leave Paris. Through his arrangements with Barsad, Carton visits Darnay in his cell.
First, he persuades Darnay to change clothes with him, then he overpowers Darnay and renders him unconscious with a drug. Barsad then carries the unconscious Darnay out of the prison. Since Carton and Darnay look so much alike, nobody but Barsad knows what has happened. The unconscious Darnay is delivered to Lucie and her family, and they escape to England. Madame Defarge goes to Manettes home in search of Lucie and the child, and she becomes suspicious when she nds no one there but Miss Pross.
Miss Pross, knowing that Lucie and her family need every extra minute to escape, delays Madame Defarge as long as possible. The two women struggle, and Madame Defarge is killed by her own pistol. Carton continues to pose as Darnay, all the way to the guillotine. No one recognizes this deception except for a young seamstress, also awaiting execution, who had known Darnay in prison. Carton comforts her in their last moments. He goes to the guillotine, saying that he is going to a far, far better rest than he has ever known.
She mustnt be left to think that his life was wantonly thrown away. Could one make the case that Cartons life has been thrown away? He could have waited for Cartons execution and then have arranged to have Darnay and his family arrested before they were able to escape from France.
Discuss with the class why, at the most crucial moment in the story, he has become almost heroic. Throughout the lm, Barsad has been a villain, and yet in the nal episode he helps Darnay 3. Compare the characters of Monsieur Defarge and Madame Defarge. What motivates them? How are they alike? How are they dierent? Is a desire for revenge, such as that of Madame Defarges, ever justied? Shortly before the execution, Carton meets a young seamstress, whom Darnay had known in La Force prison.
She quickly realizes that the man before her is an imposter who has somehow helped the real Darnay escape. Ask students to consider what purpose this scene serves. How would the novel and lm be dierent if Carton had never encountered anyone who realized what he had done? What is further revealed about Cartons character in this scene?
It is one of the most frequently-taught novels in high school; in Oprah chose it and Great Expectations for her nal book club. Yet some critics consider A Tale of Two Cities not to be Dickenss best work, lacking in humor and multi-faceted characters, and too dependent on coincidence. Ask students why they think the novel has maintained its status and appeal. Why is it still so widely read and appreciated? Divide the class into two competing teams: Revolutionaries and Aristocrats.
Each team will choose a spokesperson. Call out names and details from A Tale of Two Cities see list below. Teams will alternate in providing questions for which the items are answers. Correct questions are given one point; no points are given for incorrect questions.
ITEMS 1. Jarvis 4. Cruncher 6. Jacques 7. Recalled to Life Carton Barsad Dover Madame Defarge Tellsons Stryver Darnay Evrmonde Old Bailey Lucie Gaspard Saint Antoine Pross Marquis Gabelle Marriage Bastille La Force London and Paris The National Razor Divide the class into two groups.
Assign one of these positions to each group: Cartons last act was a supreme sacrice only for the good of others, or Cartons last act was that of a lonely, desperate, and selsh man making a nal attempt to create some purpose in his wasted life. Ask the two groups to debate their diering viewpoints.
During the debate, be sure students comment on Cartons famous last words: It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known.
Compare writing a book review with writing a lm review. What are the similarities? What are the dierences? What information is required for each? Students may choose to critique either the lm or book of A Tale of Two Cities. Publish the nished reviews online or in a class book. How have students rated the work? Page 20 4. Using the Character Chart students lled out throughout their viewing of the lm, have students create a social networking page for one of the characters, listing likes and dislikes, friends, relatives, and so on.
Working in pairs, have students imagine two of the characters messaging, texting, or tweeting each other, and then write a page of those exchanges. Have the class compare notes on the various ways students represented their character and his or her relationships. With the class, brainstorm a list of themes explored in A Tale of Two Cities, such as injustice, love, sacrice, human nature, cruelty, revolution, and social change.
When he was taken to the guillotine he did his best to comfort the young dress-maker who accompanied him in the cart to the guillotine. He gave a real example of self — sacrifice.
Lucie Manette Dr. Manette's daughter. She had all the qualities of a good woman. As a wife she was a model one. She loved her husband and was faithful to him. When Charles went to France during the Revolution she followed him in spite of the dangers.
She always obeyed her husband as a wife should. She was a good example of a good mother.
A Tale of Two Cities
She was so sweet and nice that she was liked by all those who got in touch with her. Manette He was the father of Lucie. He was true to the duties of his profession. He refused a bag of gold from the Marquis of Evermonde to hide his crimes. In prison he worked as shoemaker. When he was set free he made a remarkable recovery under Lucie's devoted care. He was a good father, fair-minded of great relapse. When Darnay was tired in Paris, he used his power to set him free in the 1st trial.
But Darnay was condemned to death on his 3rd trial, the shock caused him to lose mind. Ernest Defarge He kept the wine-shop in Saint Antoine. He was once a servant in Dr. When the Doctor was released, Defarge took him to his wine-shop until Lucie and Mr. Lorry came and took him to London.
Defarge was one of the most important leaders of the revolution. He was brave capable man. His revolutionary activities were caused by hatred for the aristocratic oppressors and state in France. He was not a cruel- hearted as his wife. When the revolution reached a wild bloody point, he thought it was necessary to stop. This shows good sense. He was capable of kind feelings and this is clear in the pity he felt for Dr. Manette and Lucy after Darnay had been condemned. He had to do what she had commanded not what he wanted to do.
Madame Defarge Theresa Defarge, the wife of E. She worked with her husband in the wine-shop. She hated the nobles because the members of her family had suffered much from their cruelties. The Evermondes had caused the death of her brother, sister and father. So, she hated all the nobles and wanted to take revenge upon all the nobles and kept a list of all the persons who deserved to be killed.
She kept that list in her memory through knitting. She had a strong character and determination. She had a strong power of observation. She worked with her husband to prepare for the revolution.
When the revolution broke, she was at the head of the women. She did her best until she brought Charles to trial. She was an example of the new oppressors compared to the Evermondes, the old oppressors.
She had no feelings of sorrow, regret or remorse for wrong. She made no mistakes. Lorry He was a clerk at Tell son's Bank and a friend of the Manettes.
He was ready to do his duty. During the Revolution he showed readiness to go to Paris to save the documents and papers of the Bank in spite of the danger there. He was the most capable member of Tell son's Bank.
He was a bachelor. He felt a kind of parental love towards Miss Manette. Despite his great love to Lucie, he was more loyal to his bank. Miss Pross She looked after Lucie and brought her up. She gave her the care which a mother would give to her child. Her love for Lucie was so great that she was ready to die for her. She was physically strong and pretended to be hard and without imagination.
She was the Manette's devoted friend. Miss Pross was always motivated by love and faithfulness. Near the end of the novel, she risked her life to give the chance to Lucie to escape.
It was due to Miss Pross's unselfish love that Lucie enjoyed that life she lived. The Marquis of Evermonde He was one of the aristocrats who treated the common people as if they were animals.
They also caused Dr Manette to be thrown into prison for 18 years.
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His cruelty was clear when his carriage ran over Gaspard's child and killed him. He didn't like his nephew, Charles because he was against the cruelties of his family. Gaspard killed him with a knife.
John Barsad He was a hired spy who sailed under many colours. He worked as a spy for the English Government in London. When Charles Darnay was tried in London. He gave false evidence against him. When the revolution broke out he worked as a spy for the Republic Government. He made a deal with him and forced him to agree to a plan to enter the prison to save Charles Darnay. Gaspard He was one of the Jacques. He was the man who wrote the word Blood on the wall in Saint Antoine.
His child was killed under the wheels of the Marquis's carriage.Take off two o'clock tomorrow. The people are so poor. The style, the technique, and especially the humor, are typically Dickensian. They say only that I worked for an an enemy of the people.
The Defarges and their friends, however, quickly realize that he is a spy when he begins asking suspicious questions. Even his narre had been forgotten! Even Sydney Canon, though his old, bad ways were unchanged, We can't find this Marquis,' said the clerk.
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